King John

John, King of England was king of England from April 6th, 1199 until his death in 1216. The Baronial Revolt at the end of john’s reign led to the sealing of Magna Carta, a document sometimes considered to be an early step in the evolution of the constitution of the United Kingdom. John was the youngest of five sons of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, was at first not expected to inherit significant lands. Out of all the sons, John was Henry’s favorite child. He was appointed the Lord of Ireland in 1177 and given land in England. King John was married twice to Isabella of Gloucester and they had no children. Then his marriage was annulled because the two of them were to closely related. In 1200, John married another woman named Isabella of Angouleme and they had five children, one of whom became King Henry III. Furthermore, in 1205 King John began an argument with the Pope over who should be the new Archbishop of Canterbury, John’s choice or the Pope’s. as a result, in 1208 the Pope place England under an interdict, which meant that religious services could not be held. In 1209, he excommunicated King John. Afterwards, John was forced to submit. Meanwhile, as John was going through some emotional encounters, he alienated many of his subjects. They claimed that he ruled like a tyrant ignoring feudal law. He was accused to extorting money from people, selling offices, increasing taxes, and creating new ones whenever he wished to do so.

 

More important matters came after John tried to recapture his lost lands in France in 1214, but failed. The barons’ patience was exhausted (I would be too). During the last year of King John, a civil war broke out and in June 1215 King John was forced to accept a charter known as Magna Carta at Runnymede. The charter was meant to stop the nonsense and manipulation. It stated that the traditional rights and privileges of the church must be upheld. English kinds could not rule arbitrarily. They had to obey the English laws and customs the same as other men. The Magna Carta laid down that no free man could be arrested, imprisoned or disposed without the lawful judgement of his peers or without due process of law. King John had no intention of keeping the terms so he appealed to the Pope who declared he was not bound by it. King John died during the start-up process of the new war that was he was able to start in 2016 and was buried in Worcester Cathedral. He did achieve somethings during his reign, such as, he founded the port of Liverpool and was granted a charter to Bridgewater in Somerset.

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