I will be going into more detail about the history, architecture and details of Conwy Castle when we visit, so this is more of an overview. Conwy Castle was built between 1283 and 1289 for Edward, by James of St. George, when Edward I took over Wales and is located in the town of Conwy. Conwy Castle was the largest and most expensive project Edward I, costing £15,000. That would not seem like nearly enough now, but in 1283, that was a tremendous amount of money. Conwy Castle was involved in many medieval wars. According to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization credits Conwy Castle to being “one of the finest examples of late 13th century and early 14th century military architecture in Europe.” It is also a recognized by the United Nations as a World Heritage Site. So this is the European version of either a national park, monument or landmark in the United States.
From the reconstruction pictures online, it seems that Conwy Castle was in front of the town and the walls of Conwy castle. The castle is built grey sand and limestone. According to United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization it is most likely that the stones used to build Conwy castle came from a nearby shore after the area was chosen. After doing some research online and looking over some material from Dr. L about the architecture of Conwy Castle. I have also attached a picture I found that shows the layout of Conwy Castle so the following description makes more sense. The castle is rectangular, with an inner and outer ward. The western barbican defends the main entrance. There is a drawbridge and a ditch on the western side of Conwy Castle as well. Once inside Conwy Castle, you are right inside of the outer ward. The things included in the outer wards are the kitchen, stables, chapel, a passage, great hall, ante-room and a lesser hall. The prison tower is also located in the outer ward up a staircase. There is also a well and a drawbridge. The bakehouse tower is connected to the inner ward, along with the stockhouse tower, the chapel tower, the granary and the King’s tower. The King’s tower is defended by the ease barbican and there are stairs to the postern water gate.
The most interesting piece of architecture to me is the fact that there is a town wall. This led me to research further to see if the town wall still exists today. The town walls still exist today; however, they have been modified. The walls were used as another form of defense when built, but over the decades, the defense was no longer needed, and the country made modern updates, such as putting in a railway system. Two new gateways had to be built to accommodate the changes.
I think that when we see the castle in person all of this will really tie together. Even though I can go on and on with information and research and photos, I think everything will be so much better in person!