– [ ] We started our trip bright and early at 8:30 am. The class may have been moving a bit slow this morning, but luckily we had James to help wake us up on our long trip through the heart of Scotland. Our first stop was at the amazing Stirling Castle located in Stirling. The castle was built in the 12th century and played a significant role in many of the wars in Scotland including the war for independence. The castle was built in a very strategic way as three of the sides are a cliff and any apposing regiments would be forced to trek up the hill toward the main gates with which there were three visible turret towers used to defend. One of the stories that I found most interesting from our tour was the story with King James II. He was a very proud King and to ensure his power he invited William 8th Earl of Douglas to his castle for supper, but the king had another plan to kill him. This was a trap and King James with a platoon of men stabbed William forty seven times. While inside the castle we went through the palace of the castle where many of the beds and original paintings resided. This was really fantastic to see because it really gave us a cool layout of the bed counters and dining halls. Lots of the paintings had a symbolic meaning to previous houses of the castle, but unfortunately I don’t remember what they were. Next, we made our way to the museum found inside the castle. This was very cool as it was filled with lots of Scottish war history. Lots of the things were journals from the soldiers in the trenches of World War II. Stirling was used as a training base for these soldiers and many of them it allowed them to dive deep into there Scottish history of extra motivation. When looking our in the distance on the walls of the castle you would have to be blind to miss the incredible William Wallace monument standing tall in the town. This was the tower where William Wallace watched over his army’s preparing for war. It is one of the many beauties seen from the castle walls. While we were in Stirling we went to the Holy Rude, rude meaning cross, found roughly 5 mins from the castle and this was a Gothic church with a very basic structure compared to the one proceeding. I was interested in the stained glass and how it was done, and after further looking in I determined that it was done by a change in the mineral base as the glass was heated. The next cathedral that we went to was the Dunblane Cathedral which was another gothic cathedral with a much bigger foundation. The pillars were enormous in this cathedral and I could not even imagine how they built such an amazing building without our modern technology. Although when looking at these cathedrals it is important to remember that constant renovations happen through the years which is why this cathedral had a gothic feel while being built in the Roman era.